The rare and elusive Omura's whale is so uncommon that there hasn't been a confirmed sighting by scientists until now.
The first footage of its kind was taken of the amazingly rare Omura's whale off the coast of Madagascar after researchers positively identified it as the species.
Salvatore Cerchio of the New England Aquarium and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute said "Over the years, there have been a small handful of possible sightings of Omura's whales, but nothing that was confirmed. They appear to occur in remote regions and are difficult to find at sea, because they are small and do not put up a prominent blow"
The only Omura's whales that have ever been recorded until now have been dead animals.
Those particular animals were thought to be Bryde's whales until DNA tests confirmed that they were a separate species.
Omura's whales seem to have a unique coloring that sets them apart: the right jaw is white, and the left jaw is black.
Included along with the video of one whale, the research team took photos of 25 individuals including mothers with calves.