There are vast caves only now being explored below giant tabletop mountains known as Tepuis in the Amazon basin.
Because of the extremely steep sides of the Tepuis in the Amazon basin, the regions below them have remained largely unexplored, that is until now. Only recently have the vast maze of caves started to be uncovered by spelunkers.
After having been untouched for millions of years, scientists in the region are starting to make new discoveries, but it all starts at the top.
After some six different expeditions into the caves, the pictures are starting to emerge.
Francesco Sauro is credited with the exploration, the most recent of which lasted almost 40 days.
The excitement around some of their finds is becoming apparent including a toad that resembles dripping water and a species of blind fish.
Most of the caves are made of limestone although there are quartz deposits that erode much more slowly and cause the caves to form equally as slow.
Stromatolites create the strange structures seen here. One theory is that the hollow tubes created make a safe space for the microbes to live in.
The caves are said to be tens of millions of years old and are loaded with quartzite formations created by rainwater that permeated through the rock over the centuries. The descents into the caves are treacherous and demanding; large loads of equipment notwithstanding.
Since the sixth trip was fairly recent, Sauro hopes to release his newest findings by November, 2016. Along with it is the hope of new discovery whether it be animal, vegetable, or mineral.
Photos via Laudable