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4 Coyote Calls You Need to Know

If you know these coyote calls, you’re luck is likely to improve.


As with any other form of animal calling, coyote calling has been revolutionized by the improvement of electronic animal calling devices or mobile applications. No longer do you have to purchase specialized whistles or master a sound with your mouth and vocal chords.

Nowadays, everything you need in an animal can be recreated in artificial, electronic fashion with no more than the push of a button. However, if you are going to use these calling methods effectively, you need to understand what each one of them means and when using one call will yield you greater results than using another. Read on to discover key information about each definitive coyote call.

Check out the slide show to see the coyote calls every hunter should know.

Challenge Call

Just as bucks and bulls have challenge calls, coyotes have their own challenging howl. However, where most hunters view a challenge call as just that – a challenge to a fight – a coyote’s motivation behind making this particular sound is actually a bit different from what is going through the head of a deer or an elk when making a similar sound. Coyotes don’t want to start a fight over a female or ignite a territory dispute.

In fact, in most cases, coyotes would rather be left alone, and use the challenge call to essentially demand that an intruder leave their territory immediately. As such, making this particular sound in the middle of a prime coyote territory – usually near a known den – can be the sort of golden move you’ve been looking for.

Distress Call


When you make a distress call for a coyote, you aren’t imitating the coyote itself, but rather its prey. That means the sounds you use can vary greatly and can mimic virtually any creature that a coyote might be interested in digesting for dinner. The location also isn’t as important for the distress call as it is for the challenge call. As long as coyotes can hear the sounds you are making, they will come to investigate.

Whine Call

Whining and yelping calls express a different type of distress than the distress call sounds described earlier. Where the distress call is using the whine of a prey species to attract coyote attention, the whine call is using the yelps of a young coyote pup to attract a different kind of attention from other coyotes. Sometimes, whines can attract a whole group of coyotes, looking to interact on a social basis and have a meeting of sorts. Other times, a whine might only draw in a single coyote, drawn by maternal or paternal instincts to the sound of what they believed to be their pup. Like the distress call, it doesn’t matter much where you use this call. Keep in mind, however, that it is especially useful in the spring when protective parental instincts are in full swing.

Nonaggressive Howl Call

Not all calls have to announce distress or urgency. In fact, one of the most effective calls in the coyote hunter’s arsenal is a long, low-pitched, unhurried call. This sort of howl might not echo around the woods for miles like a louder and more soulful bark might, but the nonaggressive nature of the sound will draw all manner of coyotes to investigate, from alpha males to submissive coyotes just looking for a friend.

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4 Coyote Calls You Need to Know