Check out these 26 hunting terms, one for each letter of the alphabet.
As a hunter, you pride yourself in your knowledge of the sport. You can probably name just about every game species, weapon and gear in the hunting world. Or can you? We’ve compiled the full A to Z terms of hunting, including some old standbys and some terms you may not have heard before.
A is for Abomasum
This is the fourth stomach chamber of a cud-chewing animal, such as a cow or whitetail deer.
B is for Blue Bird Weather
This may initially sound like a happy time, but it actually refers to sunny and windless conditions when waterfowl tend to stay put or fly high, the bane of the waterfowl hunter’s existence.
C is for Crepuscular
This term describes animals that are most active during dawn and dusk periods.
D is for Drop Tine
This is the rare occurrence of an antler point dropping down from the main beam.
E is for Elevation
This is the angle at which the rear sight needs raised or lowered to compensate for a bullet’s trajectory.
F is for Flag
This can not only refer to a whitetail deer’s tail, but it also describes the long hair on a setter’s tail.
G is for Gralloch
This term describes when a hunter field-dresses a big-game animal immediately after shooting it by removing the viscera and entrails.
H is for Home Range
This is the area in which a deer typically spends its entire life, generally less than a few square miles provided the area provides the deer with food, water and shelter.
I is for Imperial Bulls
These are male elks with seven points on each antler.
J is for Jacklighting
This is done when a hunter uses an artificial light to illegally shoot game at night.
K is for Kentucky Windage
This is a term used by American riflemen to describe the process of “holding off” to either side of a target while making no adjustment in the sight setting in order to allow for wind’s effect on the bullet.
L is for Leash
This isn’t just what you use to walk your dog, it also refers to a group of three quail, pheasant, grouse, partridge or hares.
M is for Marks
These are calls used to warn other hunters of the flushing approach of a game bird, usually accompanied by a direction, such as “mark left” or “mark right.”
N is for Nipples
These aren’t just body parts; the term also refers to the small hollow tube on which a percussion cap is placed. When the gun’s hammer falls on the cap, a small chemical charge explodes. The fire then travels down the nipple and around a corner to reach the main charge.
O is for Odocoileus Virginianus
This is the scientific name of the whitetail deer.
P is for Pedicals
These are the parts of a buck’s skull from which antlers grow.
Q is for Quartering Birds
These are birds that approach a hunter from an angle, either left or right.
R is for Rattlings
This refers to a buck-calling technique in which the horns are rattled together by a hunter simulating two bucks fighting in order to attract a buck to approach within shooting range.
S is for Sky Busting
This occurs when a hunter takes a long shot at a bird, one that is unlikely to kill the target.
T is for Typical Racks
These are those with points growing off the front sides of the main beam only.
U is for Upland Game
This can describe any small game, including both mammals and birds.
V is for Velvet
This is the soft vascular tissue that covers a deer’s antlers until they have reached their full growth and form, at which time the tissue dies and is removed when the deer rubs its antlers against trees and brush.
W is for Wall Hanger
This can refer either to a gun that is best suited for displaying on the wall or to a game animal considered a trophy because of its beauty, size rarity or other quality.
X is for Xenocide
This happens when one species kills all members of another species, a risk of overhunting.
Y is for Yelds
These are female deer without offspring.
Z is for Zombies
These aren’t just the undead, the term can also refer to a duck that comes alive after the hunter is sure that it’s dead.
It is always important to refresh your ABCs! Or learn them in the first place…it’s all about the fundamentals.