Skip to main content

9 Startling Stats About Wild Pig Populations in the U.S.

wild pig feature
Boarmasters

You’re probably familiar with the wild pig problem in the U.S., but you may not know just how bad the problem is.

Like all invasive species, the wild pig is prolific and causes many ecological and economic problems.

Below are some startling statistics about the wild pig population that is plaguing the U.S.

1. According to Mississippi State University, wild pigs are sexually mature at six months old and can give birth twice a year to three to eight piglets. No wonder they are so prolific!

2. Wild pigs can weigh up to 400 pounds. However, larger individuals have been documented.

3. The Missouri Department of Conservation states that wild pigs are true omnivores. In addition to fruits, nuts, roots, and other plant matter, they often prey on small mammals, reptiles, bird eggs, and even deer fawns!

4. You can find a range of swine types in the U.S., including ones that resemble escaped domestic pigs, Eurasian wild boars, and hybrids of the two.

5. Mississippi State University also reported that wild pigs can now be found in at least 45 states.

The map below shows the expansion of wild pigs from 1988 to 2004.

wild hog map
USDA

 

6. The Missouri Department of Conservation also states that wild pig populations can double in four months. Not surprising, given the sexual maturity from number one above.

7. There are 2.6 million wild pigs in Texas, which cause over $500 million in damages each year.

8. Texas agents kill 25,000 pigs a year, over half of which are from a helicopter.

9. According to Texas Natural Wildlife, wild pigs in Florida are known to carry 45 different parasitic and infectious diseases. Eight of those diseases can affect humans, making it even more important to further stop the spread.

Wild pigs are invasive and with these facts, it will be easier to justify their eradication. Anyone with a ranch or farm will agree.

Plus, they can be pretty tasty.

Follow me on Twitter @rjlisson

9 Startling Stats About Wild Pig Populations in the U.S.