The American bison once roamed the vast grasslands of our country. Here are eight facts you need to know about this mammal.
Bison have a long and storied history in the United States. Today, the presence of the American bison is still observed in select areas of the country.
The following list is a group of selected facts you must know about this proud and majestic animal.
1. The male American bison weighs up to 2,000 pounds
Capable of growing up to 6.5 feet at the shoulder, these males are some of the biggest mammals in North America.
2. Females can weigh up to 1,200 pounds
Also growing to a commanding stature, the female American bison can measure up to 5.5 feet from the shoulder.
3. The American bison has hair more dense than a cattle’s
With this coat they can stand temperatures up to -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
4. Bison are relatively agile, capable of jumping six feet high and running 35 miles per hour
These skills allow them to scale steep cliffs as well.
5. The bison’s horn can grow to 20 inches long
The male’s horns are far larger than a female’s.
6. The bison’s head is designed to plow away snow from feeding areas.
Built with a low-hanging head and massive shoulder muscles, the bison can move pretty much anything.
7. Their mouth features incisor-like canine teeth on the lower jaw and no incisor-like canine teeth on their upper jaw
This allows them to gather anywhere from 15-30 pounds a day.
8. They love to roll in the dust; it’s a mating ritual
This activity is called wallowing, it activates a scent for mating and protects against insects.
Now you know a little more about the American Bison, share this knowledge wisely.
All information gathered from MontanaFWP