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5 Fish to Catch While Fishing Montana’s Missouri Headwaters

These five fish make up the majority of the species you’ll find when fishing the Missouri Headwaters in the Treasure State.

As the sign reads near most fishing access points, fishing the Missouri Headwaters offers a challenge to all anglers from beginner to expert and a chance to, “Get away from it all.”

Check out this list and learn about some of the big lunkers that could be biting your bait in no time when you’re fishing the Missouri Headwaters in Montana.

1. Rainbow Trout

YellowDog
YellowDog

Known as a fighter, this fish is recognized by the red band on its midline and the many black spots that accentuate its appearance. The record for this fish is 20 pounds, set back in 1952.

2. Brown Trout

MissoulianAngler
MissoulianAngler

Characterized with a brown and yellow color mix, this fish has black and red spots with ‘halos’ around them. The brown trout was introduced into the Madison River drainage in Yellowstone National park in 1889.

3. Cutthroat Trout

HelenaAir
HelenaAir

A Montana native, the cutthroat’s distinguishing feature is the red slash marks that can be found on the bottom of each jaw. These fish typically weigh up to 15 pounds and are known for their excellent table fare.

4. Mountain Whitefish

MontanaNativeFish
MontanaNativeFish

This fish’s main traits are their small mouths and silver colored scales. Often disregarded as a ‘trash fish,’ this Montana native has a state record weight of over 4 pounds.

5. Brook Trout

MontanaOutdoor
MontanaOutdoor

Affectionately known as a ‘brookie’, this fish hold a state record weight of over 9 pounds. The distinguishing features of a brook trout are its dark green and red spots encircled with blue on its sides.

Now that you know about what kind of fish you’ll find while fishing the Missouri Headwaters, be on the look out for the next state record. These are just some of the many fish that can be found in Montana’s majestic Missouri Headwaters river system.

Data via Montana FWP

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5 Fish to Catch While Fishing Montana’s Missouri Headwaters